The Southeast Asia Mathematical Olympiad (SEAMO) is an international Math Olympiad competition that originated in Singapore and was founded by Mr. Terry Chew in 2016 in 8 Southeast Asian Countries. Since then, it is growing its popularity around the world. In 2019 it was recognized by 18 countries. In 2020 total number of participating countries increased to 22, including students from Indonesia, Brazil, China, Newzealand, and Taiwan students enrolled in SEAMO 2022-23.

**Problem and Solution SEAMO 2020 paper C**. Soal ini bersumber dari seamo-official.org

1. A new operation is defined as below

\(π β π = π^π\)

Find the value of \(π\) in \(π β 5 = 243\)

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E) 5

2. Select 8 distinct numbers from 1 to 9 to fill in each blank below. What is the

greatest possible result?

\([\;\;\;\; Γ·\;\;\;\; Γ\;\;\;\;(\;\;\;\; +\;\;\;\; )] β [\;\;\;\; Γ\;\;\;\; +\;\;\;\; β\;\;\;\; ]\)

(A) 129

(B) 131

(C) 133

(D) 143

(E) 145

3. A cube has 8 vertices as shown. How many triangles can be formed by connecting any 3 vertices?

(A) 40

(B) 44

(C) 48

(D) 56

(E) None of the above

4. In 2018, Lucas invested $1000 for a period of 2 years. By the end of the 1st year, he saw his investment suffer an 18% loss. In the 2nd year, his investment showed a 25% gain on the remaining amount. Over the 2-year period, what was the percentage change in his investment?

(A) 2.5% gain

(B) 2.5% loss

(C) 2.8% gain

(D) 2.8% loss

(E) No change

5. \(π₯π΄πΈπ·\) and \(π₯π΅πΉπΆ\) are identical isosceles triangles. The area of \(π₯π΄πΈπ·\) is \(202\) ππΒ². Find the area of rectangle \(π΄π΅πΆπ·\).

(A) 340 ππΒ²

(B) 360 ππΒ²

(C) 380 ππΒ²

(D) 400 ππΒ²

(E) 404 ππΒ²

6. Find the possible values of π such that the 101-digit number, as shown below, is divisible by 7.

\(\underbrace{6 6 6 β― 6}_{\mbox{50}}m\underbrace{666…6}_{\mbox{50}}\)

(A) (1, 8)

(B) (2 ,6)

(C) (2, 9)

(D) (5, 6)

(E) (3, 7)

7. In the 4 Γ 4 grid shown below, each line segment measures 1 unit in length.

What is the longest distance (in units) a beetle can travel from Point π΄ to

Point π΅, if each line segment can only be traversed once?

(A) 24

(B) 26

(C) 28

(D) 30

(E) 31

8. How many triangles are there in the figure below?

(A) 30

(B) 31

(C) 32

(D) 33

(E) 34

9. How many ways are there to choose two different numbers from the set {5, 6, 7, 8, β― , 15}, such that their sum is even?

(A) 23

(B) 24

(C) 25

(D) 26

(E) None of the above

10. After Wattana spent $35 on a wallet, he and James had money in the ratio 3 βΆ 4. Wattana then received $220 and James spent $50. In the end, Wattana had twice as much money as James. How much money had Wattana at first?

(A) $225

(B) $227

(C) $231

(D) $234

(E) $240

11. If \(π΄ = 2^{248}\) and \(π΅ = 3^{155}\) , then

(A) \(π΄ = π΅\)

(B) \(π΄ β π΅ = 13\)

(C) \(π΅ β π΄ = 15\)

(D) \(π΄ > π΅\)

(E) \(π΅ > π΄\)

12. Evaluate

\(\frac {(1+7)\times (1+\frac{7}{2})\times (1+\frac{7}{3})\times …\times (1+\frac{7}{9})}{(1+9)\times (1+\frac{9}{2})\times (1+\frac{9}{3})\times …\times (1+\frac{9}{7})}\)

(A) \(\frac{3}{4}\)

(B) \(\frac{2}{3}\)

(C) \(1\)

(D) \(\frac{4}{3}\)

(E) \(\frac{3}{2}\)

13. Each letter represents a unique nonzero

digit in the following addition.

\(π΄\;\; π΅\;\; πΆ\)

\(π·\;\; πΈ\;\; πΉ\)

\(—————-\;+\)

\(π»\;\; πΌ\;\; π½\;\;\)

What is the **minimum** value of \((π» + πΌ + π½)\)Β ?

(A) 17

(B) 18

(C) 19

(D) 21

(E) None of the above

14. Cindy used \(12\) matchsticks to make a \(2\times 2\) grid, \(24\) matchsticks to make a \(3\times 3\) grid and \(1300\) matchsticks to make a \(π \times π\) grid. What is the value of π?

(A) 20

(B) 22

(C) 24

(D) 25

(E) 26

15. In the quadrant shown below,

(i) π΄ = 28 ππΒ²

(ii) π΄ = 30 ππΒ²

(iii) π΄ = π΅

(iv) π΄ > π΅

Which of the following statements are correct? Take \(π =\frac{22}{7}\) .

(A) (i) and (iii)

(B) (ii) and (iii)

(C) (i) and (iv)

(D) (ii) and (iv)

(E) (iii) and (iv)

16. \(Ξπ΄π΅πΆ\) is an equilateral triangle. The shortest distance from Point \(π\) to each side are \(4, 5\) and \(6\) units, respectively. Find the height of \(Ξπ΄π΅πΆ\).

(A) 12

(B) 13

(C) 14

(D) 15

(E) 16

17. Find the value of

\(11 + 22 + 33 + β― + 1089 + 1100\)

(A) 55540

(B) 55550

(C) 55560

(D) 55580

(E) None of the above

18. Find the value of \(β π\) in \(Ξπ΄π΅πΆ\) .

(The diagram is not drawn to scale.)

(A) 8Β°

(B) 9Β°

(C) 10Β°

(D) 12Β°

(E) 14Β°

19. How many numbers are there in the range 1000 to 1999 where the ones digit is greater than the hundreds digit?

(A) 420

(B) 430

(C) 440

(D) 450

(E) None of the above

20. A fair die is rolled twice. What is the probability that the sum of the two outcomes is prime?

(A) \(\frac{1}{3}\)

(B) \(\frac{5}{12}\)

(C) \(\frac{2}{5}\)

(D) \(\frac{7}{12}\)

(E) \(\frac{3}{5}\)

21. The sum of ages of a group of people is 4476. The eldest person is β€79 years old. The youngest is β₯30 years old. No more than 3 people in the group are of the same age. What is the minimum number of people who are β₯60 years old?

22. How many ways are there to form a 5 ππ Γ 3 ππ rectangle from squares of side lengths 1ππ, 2 ππ and 3 ππ ?

23. Paul walked from π΄ to π΅ at a constant speed of 80π/πππ. At the same time,

Mary walked from π΅ to π΄ at a constant speed of 60π/πππ. They met 120 π away from the midpoint of π΄ and π΅. If Paul stopped for a break along the way, they would still have met 120 π away from the midpoint of π΄ and π΅. How long (in minutes) is the break?

24. A 2020-digit number is written below. Find the remainder when it is divided by 9.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 0 1 1 1 2 β―

25. Pool is a game in which players use a cue pole to shoot balls into pockets located along the sides of a table. A 4 Γ 3 pool table has pockets located at π΄, π΅, πΆ and π· , as shown below. A ball shot from π΄ enters the pocket located at π΅ after a few bounces.

If lengths π΄π΅ = 2020 and π΅πΆ = 2019 , which pocket, π΄, π΅, πΆ or π· , will a ball shot in the same way from π΄ enter?

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